12/6 Sun【真人圖書館044】賴奕諭:織成一個捕夢網:菲律賓原住民在抗爭什麼?(影片)

2015/12/6 Sun 13:30 (入場費一百元)

【分享內容】 科地雷拉日(Cordillera Day)是菲律賓呂宋島行之有年的跨國原住民抗爭運動,從1984年開始的每年四月底都會有數千人從菲律賓與世界各地前來參與。該運動的成因為1970年代菲律賓電力公司與世界銀行合資欲於當地興建的大型水壩計畫,經當地居民激烈抵抗且成功拒絕而來。它不僅吸引許多世界原住民到訪並嘗試學習他們的組織動員方式,也讓我因此認識了菲律賓弱化的政府體制之下,充滿活力的公民社會是如何積極地參與日常生活的政治。

【關於講者】
賴奕諭,臺大人類學研究所碩士班。對南島語族有著莫名興趣,最遠還曾跑到南島語族分佈範圍最西邊的馬達加斯加,想知道他們遷徙到那兒之後過著什麼樣的生活。也曾在菲律賓山區和當地農民組織一同工作,碩士論文題目即在討論菲律賓原住民抗爭運動。

【延伸閱讀】
《有任務的旅行》:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4-4VMGVrqIw
《Radio Cordillera Trailer》:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljGPsfxzrMY
Radio Cordillera is a road movie through the Northern Island Luzon on the Philippines. In search for the transmission range of a local community radio, we cross the mountains of one of the poorest regions on the archipelago. Soon we end up at Cordillera day, a meeting of farmers, trying to improve their living conditions. But these farmers are closely watched by the military, that suspects them to be rebels.

Directed, shot and edited by Roel Nollet – roelnollet.be

WATCH THE 25 MINUTE DOCUMENTARY HERE: http://vimeo.com/roelnollet/radiocord

***Radio Cordillera was made in cooperation with the ngo New World, the Province of East-Flanders and their local partners in the Philippines. bevrijdewereld.be
IN SHORT:
“Farmers in the Philippines are like junkies. They always become dependent. And the more they move, the more they get into poverty,” says Chito Medina of Masipag, an organization that promotes organic farming. He is talking about pesticides and fertilizers.
The Philippines are one of the biggest rice importing countries in the world, and their rice fields are getting depleted. To improve the productivity of the fields, the government promotes the use of genetically modified rice varieties. These varieties grow faster than traditional ones, but you need chemical pesticides and fertilizers. Farmers cannot afford these kind of products. And after a while the soils can’t grow anything without it anymore.
In the meanwhile big mining companies destroy the lands and big containers full of rice and vegetables are being imported into the port of Manila. The market is overflown with cheap rice from China and Vietnam. The farmers cannot compete with the price and rather dump their crops along the road, than wasting money on bringing them to the market . It’s quite ironic that the farmers – the food producers – themselves are the ones who are going to bed with an empty stomach.
‘Development aggression’ is what local ngo’s call the policy of the government. The Philippine government is supporting solutions that are not appropriate to the farmers. On the contrary, only the government itself is gaining anything from it, together with the companies they are supporting in selling their products. It’s business as usual.
To make a fist against this situation, farmers unite themselves. But not without danger. Leaders of People’s Organizations are easily targeted and branded as rebels. A lot of them were killed or kidnapped already.
We wanted to know how far the voice of the farmers reaches, so we climbed into the mountains to test the signal of the local community radio. “This is 104.7 FM. You are listening to Radio Cordillera.”

WATCH THE 25 MINUTE DOCUMENTARY HERE: http://vimeo.com/roelnollet/radiocord


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